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Adıyaman is an important culture and tourism center. The cultural development in Adiyaman starting back to the data of Palanli cave had been reached to the splendid archaeological area in the world with the mausoleum which was built on to Nemrud Mountain by Antiochos I, the king of the Kommagene. The mausoleum which was built by the king on to the peak of the highest Mountain also signifies the importance of the cult of rulers for the kingdom.The ruins of Mt. Nemrut known as the 8th Wonder of World, the ruins of Commagene, Atatürk Dam, the fourth biggest dam in the world, Çamgazi Dam, Winter Camping Organisation and finally with the world champion local folk dances.
Karakus Tumulus, Arsameia and the antic city of Pirin near Adiyaman have plenty of remains from the Kingdom of Kommagene surviving to our time. Samsat, now remaining under Ataturk Dam Lake was once the capital of the Kommagene Kingdom and was the important cities in this period. Cendere Bridge, Sofraz Tumulus and Sesonk date back to the Roman era. The New Castle and military building as structures remaining from the Mameluk period. The remains in Besni are from the Ottoman era.
Adiyaman, an administrative province in Turkey with a surface area of 7, 614 km2 covers plateaus extending from the slopes of Southeastern Taurus Range to the Euphrates. Beside Adiyaman (Center) Besni, Celikhan, Gerger, Golbasi, Kahta, Samsat, Sincik and Tut are the district of the province. The Euphrates, the most productive river in Turkey flows along the southern and eastern borders of the province.